Tools

Tool name * EAR
Description

By integrating biodiversity, socioeconomic and protected area datasets, the Ecosystem Assessment and Reporting Tool (EAR) provides a simple, but powerful interface designed to answer questions such as 'Which ecosystems are least protected?' 'Of these ecosystems, where and how do we need to improve management?' and 'Where are the opportunities to most efficiently reduce threats to these ecosystems?' The EAR tool has been designed around The Nature Conservancy's (TNC) approach for calculating 'Effective Conservation' (Higgins et al, 2007). This approach is a way of measuring progress towards achieving established conservation goals for ecosystems (i.e. raising the needle). An ecosystem achieves effective conservation when the biodiversity of an ecosystem is expected to persist as a result of conservation actions. The framework for calculating the level of effective conservation uses three measures in combination: Viability Status - the biological potential for a given ecosystem to persist (e.g. ecosystem size, condition, and landscape context). Threats Status - the degree of anticipated negative impact (i.e. socio-economic activity) to a given ecosystem (e.g. severity, scope of threat). Conservation Management Status - the likelihood that management activities will secure biodiversity and allow it to persist within a protected area (e.g. intent, tenure, and effective management potential).

Category All, Data, Spatial Analysis, Spatial Planning
What step(s) in analysis framework 2a, 2b
What step(s) in Governance framework
inputs

The user calculates each measure and assigns a classification rating (e.g. very good, good, fair, poor) in the attribute field of the GIS input files (i.e. ecoystems, species, protected areas). In order to comply with the data model used in the tool, the user must decide at what classification level is each measure determined to be acceptable.

Data Quality Required

Modification Required

Not available

Expertise Required

Not available

Spatial and Temporal

Not available

Outputs

The framework for calculating the level of effective conservation uses three measures in combination:•Viability Status - the biological potential for a given ecosystem to persist (e.g. ecosystem size, condition, and landscape context).Threats Status - the degree of anticipated negative impact (i.e. socio-economic activity) to a given ecosystem (e.g. severity, scope of threat). Conservation Management Status - the likelihood that management activities will secure biodiversity and allow it to persist within a protected area (e.g. intent, tenure, and effective management potential). In addition to the three output GIS files, the EAR tool produces a series of graphs and reports that provide further insight and support to conservation decision-makers.

License cost issues

No

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Literature: References & Manuals *
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